Religion in Georgia

Roughly 80% of Georgia’s population is Christian, with most belonging to the Georgian Orthodox Church. Georgia was the second country in the world (after Armenia) to adopt Christianity as the official state religion in 326 CE.

Despite the huge influence of Christianity in Georgia, there is lots of diversity in the country and thus lots of tolerance for other religions. Some Abkhazians and Georgians from the southern and southwestern parts of the country (like Adjara) are Sunni Muslims, as are Azerbaijanis. Assyrians, Armenians, Greeks and Russians have their own orthodox churches, and there are also a small number of Catholics. (more…)

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Georgian Holidays

Georgia: a description of events, history, key dates

14th October: Mckhetoba-Svetitckhovloba

A big, if not a great spiritual feast is celebrated by Georgians on October 14. Its celebration based on a real miracle: the acquisition by Georgia the greatest relic – the tunic of the Lord, due to which was built the main temple of Georgia – Mtskheta Cathedral. (more…)

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Georgian culture

Georgian culture is an exotic, mysterious and ancient culture stretching back for millennia. Elements of Anatolian, European, Persian, Arabian, Ottoman and Far Eastern cultures have influenced Georgia’s own ethnic identity resulting in one of the most unique and hospitable cultures in the world. Georgian culture is world renowned for being accommodating and tolerant. Traditionally, Georgian people consider guests to be a gift from god and their welcoming amiability is immediately apparent upon a traveler’s arrival.
Georgia’s strategic geographic location between Europe and Asia is one of the primary reasons for its diverse, yet distinct, cultural features. Its vector on the historic Silk Road enabled important trade connecting the north, south, east and west. This junction of commerce along with Georgia’s own bounty of resources combined to form a definitive amalgamation of cultures. (more…)

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Georgian People

The majority ethnic group in Georgia is Kartveli which comprises the largest portion of Georgia’s 3,700,000 people. Other distinct ethno-linguistic groups found within Georgia include Svans (in the northwestern region of Svaneti) and Megrels (in the western region of Samegrelo). The Laz are another separate ethno-linguistic group primarily inhabiting present day Turkey, though some are found in the southwest regions of Adjara and Samskhjavaxheti. (more…)

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Georgia – Population and Language

Georgia is a multinational state but not like Central Asian countries. The most numerous are Caucasians. 70% of them are Georgians including such ethnic groups as the Megrels and Svans living high in the mountains in the gorges among the Major Caucasus ridges. They differ mainly in dialects as well as in some modes of life aspects, customs etc. The other Georgian provinces are inhabited by Kartmians, Imeretians, Kazhtinians, Meskhs, Rachians, Lechkhums, Pshavs, Khevsurs, Mtiuls, Hirians, Adzharians and others. (more…)

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Economy of Georgia

The natural resources of Georgia might be the basis for its potential economic growth. Georgia has always been the country of the fertile and rich lands. The population of East Georgia valleys was engaged in agriculture, combining cultivation of wheat and barley with wine growing, fruit growing, and silkworm breeding. In the middle of the 19th century they started planting such valuable subtropical cultures as teas, citrus fruits, cotton and tobacco. The major branch of Georgian traditional economy is winemaking. It was developed everywhere where grapevine grew. The country grows about 500 varieties of grapes. Wine has always been one of the basic Georgian exports. During Soviet times Georgia exported agricultural and industrial products to other republics of the Union and was a popular tourist destination. (more…)

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Georgia Sights

Georgia has everything to offer to a traveler: snow-capped Caucasian mountains with its healing woods and ski slopes, the beautiful Black Sea with pebbled beaches, monasteries and churches, one of the oldest in the world and of course, famous delightful Georgian wine.

Beautiful nature should enter in a list Georgia sights with the purest air, unique coniferous forests, mountain lakes, Alpine meadows; and holy places such as ancient monuments of early Christian culture and healing mineral springs and resorts well known all around the world – Batumi, Tskhaltubo, and Borjomi. (more…)

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History of Georgia

The history of Georgia is an infinite train of rises and falls, continuous wars, revolutions, formation and decline of developed civilizations. The area between the Black and the Caspian seas, one of the great ways from Asia to Europe , was always a tidbit for aggressors throughout centuries. Georgia was always involved in the sphere of­ economic and strategic interests of large states of the world which constantly waged wars among themselves. And although Georgia is relatively young which appeared on the map of the world only in the 10 th century its history started long before the political redivision of the world. (more…)

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Weather in Georgia

Climate in Georgia is affected by subtropical influences from the west and Mediterranean influences from the east. Weather in Georgia gets very hot in July and August. Summers are not only hot, but long. The average August temperature throughout the country is +23…+26 °С. Precipitation evenly falls throughout the year. Summer in Georgia is really diverse. West part is hot, stuffy and green. Central part of the country, in contrast with its west part, has few forests and often receives dry winds from Azerbaijan. Also there are steppes in the middle part of the country. Phion, a dry warm wind, is frequent in Kutaisi; it causes warming and decrease of humidity. (more…)

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