Georgia – Population and Language
Georgia is a multinational state but not like Central Asian countries. The most numerous are Caucasians. 70% of them are Georgians including such ethnic groups as the Megrels and Svans living high in the mountains in the gorges among the Major Caucasus ridges. They differ mainly in dialects as well as in some modes of life aspects, customs etc. The other Georgian provinces are inhabited by Kartmians, Imeretians, Kazhtinians, Meskhs, Rachians, Lechkhums, Pshavs, Khevsurs, Mtiuls, Hirians, Adzharians and others.
The ethnic minorities are represented by Armenians who came to Georgia in the 19 th century, Azerbaijanians, Adzharians, Ossetins, and Abkhazians. Jews, Assyrians, Kurds and Tatars represent very small ethnic groups.
The official language of the country is Georgian. The Georgian language is related to Kartvelian group of Caucasian language family which also includes Megrelian, Svan and Lazian languages.
Georgian language is the only one among all Caucasian languages which has ancient alphabet. The unique lettering has no analogs in the world. Georgian alphabet consists of 33 symbols (5 vowels and 28 consonants). Georgian words are read from left to right.